The human body is unique in a way that it depends on the kind of nutrients we consume for general growth. You may have heard your doctor advising you on the need to consume fruits and green for their high content of nutrients essential in our body. Vitamins are actually the most essential of all the nutrients for they help our body to cope with the external and internal surroundings. If you may need to get more information about vitamins then in this article you will get highlights of the most its important facts.

What Exactly Vitamins are?

Vitamins are organic compounds that can’t be produced in our body. But vitamins can be obtained from the food pieces of stuff we consume. They are also very essential in our body as the body uses them for improvements in metabolic activities among other important processes in the body. Since they are organic, they are characterized by the presence of carbon. For those who value the natural vitamins then you need to know that the main sources can only be plants and animals, the human body cannot actually synthesize or manufacture the vitamins. They are very helpful for vitality, growth, health and the prevention of several disorders.

Types of Vitamin body needs 

Our body depends on the minerals we consume through our daily meals to ensure all the other activities in the body runs smoothly. However, you need to be aware of the most important vitamins essential for our body growth. The following will give you information about those vitamins and why they are essential to us.

Vitamin A

This has a chemical name as retinal, four carotenoids and Retinol. Lack of this vitamin can result in keratomalacia and night blindness. The common sources of vitamin A include carrots, butter, apricot, eggs, milk, cantaloupe melon, liver, sweet potatoes, broccoli, spinach, kales, and pumpkins.it helps maintain healthy bones, teeth, mucous membrane skin, and soft tissues.

Vitamin B6

Chemical names are pyridoxamine, Pyridoxine, and pyridoxal. Lack of vitamin B6 causes peripheral neuropathy, anemia or destruction of the nervous system. The sources include vegetables. Meat, whole grains, bananas, and nuts. They help in the formation of our red blood cells and maintenance of brain function.

Vitamin B12

Known as hydroxocobalamin, Cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin. Lack of this vitamin can result in megaloblastic anemia. The common sources include meat, eggs, poultry, dairy products, shellfish, fish, soy products and fortified cereals. Helps in the maintenance of our central nervous system and formation of the red blood cell.

Vitamin C

Chemically known as Ascorbic acid and lack of it can result in megaloblastic anemia. The common sources include vegetables, liver, and fruits (camu came and Kakadu plum have the highest content of this vitamin) useful for wound healing, maintenance of healthy gums and teeth and absorption of iron in the body.

Vitamin D

It is also known as Ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol. Lack of this vitamin causes either osteomalacia, rickets or soft bones. It can be found by exposing your skin to ultraviolet B through the sunlight. You can also obtain it from fatty fish, beef, liver mushrooms and eggs. It helps in the absorption of calcium in our body.

Vitamin E

Chemically known as Tocopherols or tocotrienols. Lack of vitamin E leads to hemolytic anemia in the newborn. Founds mainly on avocado, eggs, milk, green vegetables, nuts wheat germ, and whole grains. Help in the formation of red blood cells.

Vitamin K

Phylloquinone or menaquinones is fat-soluble and can cause bleeding diathesis if not available in the body in sufficient quantity. Sources include green vegetables, kiwi fruit, avocado, and Parsley. It improves the born health.

Biotin

This is essential for the production of cholesterols and hormones. They also improve the metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins that we normally consume.

Folate

It’s useful for the production of DNA cells in the body and together with vitamin B12, they make red blood cells. Lack of this vitamin can cause spina bifida.

Thiamine (vitamin B1)

Can be very important during the process when carbohydrates are turned into energy. They also improve the heart function and working of our nerve cells.

Classification of Vitamins

Type of Vitamin

Generally, vitamins are classified under two broad groups which include fat-soluble and water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins are mainly those that can easily dissolve in water and can be extracted from our body easily. They are not normally stored in our body readily so one needs to include meals containing these vitamins on a daily basis. They are mostly synthesized by the bacteria.

Fat-soluble. They have to undergo through the intestinal tract where their absorption will take place with the aid of lipids. Chances are high that they may accumulate in our body and result to hypervitaminosis. So it’s important that we regulate the intake of Fat-soluble vitamins.

What do Vitamins do?

Vitamins are mainly involved in the biological activities in our body. This includes construction of our body (skeletal development, growth, etc.), maintenance and function of the body (use and transformation of micro-nutrients, eye, muscular, immune system, DNA production, blood clotting, and sight. Sufficient supply of vitamin of the body helps it to counteract the pathogens theirs by helping you to remain healthy. Over intake and under intake of vitamins can pose some health risk so you must always regulate the amount you consume.

Facts of Vitamins

  • Vitamins are useful for the growth and development of our multicellular organism.
  • There Are 13 vitamins essential for our lives
  • A balanced diet is the only way to acquire sufficient vitamins 
  • Excessive intake of vitamins can cause some negative effects on your life
  • Every vitamin has their role in your body
  • Dietary Supplements contain vitamins

Benefits of Vitamins

  • Vitamins help in the production of red blood cells in our body
  • They can be found from organic foodstuffs making them good for our health
  • Helps in the transformation of carbohydrates to energy
  • Improves our central nervous system
  • Improves our immune defense
  • Keeps our body away from pathogens
  • Improves our bones and muscles

Side Effects of Vitamins

  • Excessive intake of vitamin A causes hypervitaminosis A
  • Fat-soluble vitamins can cause obesity and excess weight if consumed in a larger amount.
  • Complications in the digestive system
  • Too much consumption can result in brain damage

Bottom-line

Vitamins have proven to be very important in our life and as a result of this, it’s not advisable to take a meal without any vitamin content. You should also know that some vitamins get destroyed when the natural source is heated beyond a certain point. You can join your fellows in the vitamin world so that you can get ways to enable you to obtain all the vitamins you need. If you can’t find the natural source, then you can always buy the supplements for they contain an equivalent amount of the vitamins you may need.

Reference

  • https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/benefits-side-effects-vitamins-minerals-10623.html
  • https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/vitamins
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/195878.php
  • https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002399.htm 
  • https://www.disabled-world.com/medical/supplements/vitamins/
  • https://www.anses.fr/en/content/what-are-vitamins